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The effect of molecular weights of chitosan on the synthesis and antifungal effect of copper chitosan

Byakod et al. | Apr 07, 2024

The effect of molecular weights of chitosan on the synthesis and antifungal effect of copper chitosan

Pathogenic fungi such as Alternaria alternata (A. alternata) can decimate crop yields and severely limit food supplies when left untreated. Copper chitosan (CuCts) is a promising alternative fungicide for developing agricultural areas due to being inexpensive and nontoxic. We hypothesized that LMWc CuCts would exhibit greater fungal inhibition due to the beneficial properties of LMWc.

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Genetic underpinnings of the sex bias in autism spectrum disorder

Lee et al. | Mar 29, 2024

Genetic underpinnings of the sex bias in autism spectrum disorder
Image credit: Louis Reed

Here, seeking to identify a possible explanation for the more frequent diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in males than females, they sought to investigate a potential sex bias in the expression of ASD-associated genes. Based on their analysis, they identified 17 ASD-associated candidate genes that showed stronger collective sex-dependent expression.

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Effect of Gram-positive bacteria on antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria

Willem et al. | Mar 12, 2024

Effect of Gram-positive bacteria on antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria

Antibiotics are one of the most common treatments for bacterial infections, but the emergence of antibiotic resistance is a major threat to the control of infectious diseases. Many factors contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance. One is bacterial conjugation from Gram-positive to Gram-negative bacteria where there is a transfer of resistance genes from Gram-positive to Gram-negative bacteria that could increase antibiotic resistance in the latter. In light of these observations, we decided to test whether Gram-negative bacteria that came into contact with Gram-positive bacteria had a higher resistance to the antimicrobial properties of spices than Gram-negative bacteria that did not come into contact with Gram-positive bacteria.

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Contribution of environmental factors to genetic variation in the Pacific white-sided dolphin

Talwar et al. | Jan 23, 2024

Contribution of environmental factors to genetic variation in the Pacific white-sided dolphin
Image credit: Flavio

Here the authors sought to understand the effects of different variables that may be tied to pollution and climate change on genetic variation of Pacific white-sided dolphins, a species that is currently threatened by water pollution. Based on environmental data collected alongside a genetic distance matrix, they found that ocean currents had the most significant impact on the genetic diversity of Pacific white-sided dolphins along the Japanese coast.

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