A comparative analysis of synthetic and natural fabrics
(1) Williamston High School Math and Science Academyhttps://doi.org/10.59720/22-151
A potential alternative to synthetic fabrics such as polyester is textile made of bamboo. Natural fabrics such as those made from bamboo are more beneficial for the planet because they do not shed microplastics into the water. We compared the different qualities of natural and synthetic fabrics to determine if natural bamboo fabric is more durable than synthetic fabric. To test this, we performed a wash/dry, color fade, and a loose thread test. These tests allowed us to determine if bamboo textile is more durable than polyester textile. We hypothesized that natural fabric is more durable than synthetic fabric due to synthetic fabric having fewer loose threads and less shrinkage. The synthetic fabric had significantly fewer loose threads compared to the natural fabric. However, there was not significant evidence to support our hypothesis for the total area shrinkage. Overall, our data does not suggest that bamboo fabric is more durable than polyester in terms of loose thread, color fade, and shrinkage (wash/dry) tests.
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